April Parlett

Document Type

Honors Project

First Advisor

Dr. Donald Witters

Degree Award Date

Spring 2000


Social Class, Parenting Style, Academic Success, Self-Concept


Applied Behavior Analysis | Human Factors Psychology | Psychology


This study investigated the influence of parenting styles and social status on one's self concept and academic success. The supposition was that upper middle class parents who implement authoritative parenting will more likely produce successful college graduates with a high self-concept, where as working class parents who implement neglectful, indulgent, or authoritarian parenting will more likely report college failure and a low self-concept. The subjects were 112 Bridgewater College students. A questionnaire was given to measure the variables. Questions from the global self esteem scale of the MSEI were used to measure the level of self esteem. The P ARQ/Control questionnaire was administered to determine the parenting styles implemented. Social class and academic success were measured with questions written by the experimenter. This study was conducted as a 2 ( social class) x 2 (level of parenting styles) factorial design. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the main effects of the variables. The results indicated that social class and level of parenting style do significantly relate to an individual's self-concept. However, there were no interactions found between the social class and parenting style on the dependent variable of academic success. 2 --