Document Type

Honors Project

First Advisor

Dr. Laura Desportes

Degree Award Date

Spring 2002


Substance Abuse, Relationship, Parenting style, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Progress Evaluation Scale


Psychology | Social Psychology


The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between parenting style and the subsequent effect on the substance abuse behavior of the child. A small sample (N = 21) of individuals with an active substance abuse diagnosis currently receiving treatment in a program at a local agency participated in the study.

Participants provided demographic information and completed the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) (Rohner, 1999) and the Progress Evaluation Scale (PES) (LaFave & Desportes, 1996) in order to assess the level of perceived parental rejection felt by the participant as a child and their lowest point of functioning with regard to substance abuse.

It was hypothesized that high rejection scores on the PARQ would predict lower functioning scores on the PES. Scores from the PES were correlated with PARQ scores to determine the degree and nature of their relationship. Results indicated that moderate levels of rejection were related to higher levels on the Life Skills Scale of the PES, and that participants from homes where their parents were not married during their childhood showed higher scores for the Recovery Scale of the PES, and that participants who were categorized as "Drug Users" rated higher on the Life Skills Scale of the PES in comparison to alcohol and polysubstance users. Participants who rated high on perceived Parental Neglect on the PARQ tended to also rate high on the Living Arrangement Scale of the PES.