Document Type

Honors Project

First Advisor

Dr. Laura Desportes

Degree Award Date

Spring 2003


effects, teaching, Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences theory, student self-esteem, Branton Shearer, Multiple Intelligence Developmental Assessment Scales, literature review


Child Psychology | Comparative Psychology | Developmental Psychology | Psychology


Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences identifies eight basic types of intelligence for each individual. Branton Shearer's assessment of these types intelligences, called the Multiple Intelligence Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS), is a published identifier of an individual's strengths and weaknesses in each of the intelligences. This literature review examines the idea that children, when taught Gardner's theory and given a Multiple Intelligences assessment instrument such as the MIDAS, will thus further develop their intrapersonal intelligence, making them more self-aware of their strengths and weaknesses, leading them to increased self-esteem. The review examines eleven articles, which utilize both qualitative and quantitative research methods.