Document Type

Honors Project

First Advisor

Nancy Klancher

Degree Award Date

Spring 5-2-2020


French Campaign Against Korea of 1866, Evangelism, Religion, Interfaith


Comparative Methodologies and Theories | Missions and World Christianity


The French Campaign against Korea in 1866 was a relatively minor and unknown conflict in the course of both French and Korean history. However, it offers valuable information about the religious beliefs and value systems that defined the governmental systems of both countries, because it was the French response to the execution of several French Jesuit priests by the Korean government. Korea was largely influenced by three religions in the 19th century: Confucianism, Buddhism, and Shamanism. France had a rich history of Catholicism and a wealth of Jesuit missionaries traveling abroad. The Confucian background of Korea, specifically, influenced its policy towards isolationism, which was also a product of some historical and political conflicts between the West and East more generally at the time. This research highlights the beliefs in the differing religious climates of France and Korea and how that influenced the evangelization of France and isolationism in Korea. It also presents the competing ideals presented by the respective faith traditions that made the belief systems incompatible and created tense relationships between the two nations that led to the campaign.H

Recommended Citation

Hargrave, Sophie. "Religious Influence on the French Campaign Against Korea of 1866." Senior Honors Projects, Bridgewater College, 2020.

Force Open Access